Learning to get along despite struggling to get by
1 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA
2 Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Genome Biology 2009, 10:218 doi:10.1186/gb-2009-10-5-218Published: 26 May 2009
How cooperation can evolve by natural selection is important for understanding the evolutionary transition from unicellular to multicellular life. Here we review the evolutionary theories for cooperation, with emphasis on the mechanisms that can favor cooperation and reduce conflict in multicellular organisms.