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MADS-complexes regulate transcriptome dynamics during pollen maturation

Wim Verelst1*, David Twell2, Stefan de Folter34, Richard Immink2, Heinz Saedler1 and Thomas Münster1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Molecular Plant Genetics, Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl-von-Linné-Weg, 50829 Cologne, Germany

2 Department of Biology, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK

3 Business Unit Bioscience, Plant Research International, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands

4 National Laboratory of Genomics for Biodiversity (Langebio), Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV-IPN), 36500 Irapuato, Guanajuato, Mexico

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Genome Biology 2007, 8:R249  doi:10.1186/gb-2007-8-11-r249

Published: 22 November 2007



Differentiation processes are responsible for the diversity and functional specialization of the cell types that compose an organism. The outcome of these processes can be studied at molecular, physiologic, and biochemical levels by comparing different cell types, but the complexity and dynamics of the regulatory processes that specify the differentiation are largely unexplored.


Here we identified the pollen-specific MIKC* class of MADS-domain transcription factors as major regulators of transcriptome dynamics during male reproductive cell development in Arabidopsis thaliana. Pollen transcript profiling of mutants deficient in different MIKC* protein complexes revealed that they control a transcriptional switch that directs pollen maturation and that is essential for pollen competitive ability. We resolved the functional redundancy among the MIKC* proteins and uncovered part of the underlying network by identifying the non-MIKC* MADS-box genes AGL18 and AGL29 as downstream regulators of a subset of the MIKC* MADS-controlled genes.


Our results provide a first, unique, and compelling insight into the complexity of a transcription factor network that directs cellular differentiation during pollen maturation, a process that is essential for male reproductive fitness in flowering plants.